Wednesday, 18 June 2014

How to Tackle Energy Crisis in India through Briquetting?

The energy policy in India has been drafted by the growing energy deficit of the country. Therefore it is focused towards developing alternative sources of energy particularly from biomass wastes.

India is the second largest populated nation in the world and a report was submitted to the Prime Minister of the country. According to which 75 million households have no access to electricity. Added to this, the per capita consumption in rural household is only 8 units compared to 24 units in rural households. The target was to provide energy to all by 2012 which was later deferred to 2017.

Energy Use in India

It is important to meet the energy demands of the country while focusing on the reductions of the emissions. This can be achieved by planning a power generation on the fuel mix while improving the controlling emissions and efficiency through clean sources of energy and technology.

About 70% of energy generation capacity in India comes from fossil fuel and biomass energy which accounts for total 40% of India’s total energy demand. This is followed by crude oil and natural gas which are 34% together. Due to rapid economic expansion in India, it is one of the fastest growing nations and is expected to be second largest consumer of energy.

During the last few years there has been a high demand for renewable source of energy. This is possible through briquetting of biomass which is done by converting the loose biomass residues like sawdust, straw, rice husk into high density solid blocks that can be used as fuel.

Briquetting of Biomass Wastes and the Machine Used

The biomass briquettes can replace fossil fuels and other conventional sources of energy like wood, coal and lignite. They are much cleaner and greener to handle as well as reduce the carbon footprint. The high pressure briquetting machine in India can produce over 200 tonnes of briquettes per day. The best resource for high pressure briquettes are sawdust and other woody wastes because they contain high quantity of lignin. In some cases dry agricultural residues can be used if they are converted into coarse powder.

An important point to remember is that grain straw and dried grasses do not makes good briquettes but work well when they are mixed with woody wastes to produce lignin. Even bagasse, shells, pine needles and rice husks are reasonably good but the rice husks are abrasive to their silica content and can reduce the life of the machine. Presently the Jumbo 90 briquetting machine is a high advanced machine which has been fabricated with the help of an innovative technology and finest manufacturing technique. It is exceptionally low-priced and technically superior to other briquetting machines.

Today the use of biomass briquettes has been increasing as the industries realize the benefits of keeping their surrounding green. Briquettes have less calorific value than coal when they are used in firing industrial boilers. The biomass briquetting plant is the outcome of green technology and the machines used less energy as compared to other fuels without polluting the environment.

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